Google App Engine, JRuby, Sinatra and some fun! | Khaled alHabache’s official blog

Yesterday I was experimenting with Google App Engine for a little project that I was working on. I literally started from ground zero and could do my thing after a long night. I’m blogging about it to share you the idea and save you some time googling solutions. So, here is the thing in brief: I wanted to parse some feed on periodical basis and send an email with new entries.

Looks like a 10 minutes with Nokogiri and cron jobs. Actually that’s true except of the fact that I need to pay for a VPS so that I can run the script with various gems (since I needed to do some work on the feeds before sending, but that’s for another topic) and for using cron jobs. Thus, I decided to try something new this time and I went with GAE since it has memecached that I can use as an LRU cache, also it has cronjobs and finally it has a mail system. I’m using JRuby and Sinatra for this project.

Here are the steps:

Install JRuby, I’m using RVM on my machine:

rvm install jruby-1.5.5rvm use jruby

Install needed gems, those versions are the ones which worked for me:

gem install jbundlegem install appengine-sdk -v "1.4.0"gem install google-appengine -v "0.0.19"

Create a simple app:

appcfg.rb generate_app notifiercd notifier

Now let’s create the following files (Please note that the following code can be further enhanced):


# Critical default settings:disable_system_gemsdisable_rubygemsbundle_path ".gems/bundler_gems" # List gems to bundle here:gem "appengine-apis"gem "appengine-rack"gem "sinatra"gem "sinatra-reloader"gem "jruby-rack", "1.0.4"gem "nokogiri","1.5.0.beta.3"

(fill the sender/receiver emails and the feed URL)

require 'sinatra'  set :sender_email, 'SENDER_EMAIL'set :receiver_email, 'RCEIVER_EMAIL'set :feed_url, 'FEED_URL' require 'app'run Sinatra::Application


require 'digest/sha1'require 'appengine-apis/memcache'require 'appengine-apis/logger'require 'appengine-apis/mail'require 'appengine-apis/urlfetch'require 'sinatra'require 'sinatra/reloader' if development?require 'nokogiri'  class Fetcher    def initialize(sender_email,receiver_email,feed_url)    @sender_email = sender_email    @receiver_email = receiver_email    @feed_url = feed_url  end   def act    send_email(create_message(get_results))    "done"  end   private         def memcache    @memcached ||=>"cache")  end         # get the new results only        def filter_results(results)          res = []          results.each do |hashed_guid,info|            if memcache.get(hashed_guid).nil?              memcache.set(hashed_guid, 1)              res << info            end          end          res        end         # parse the feed        def get_results          results = {}          doc = Nokogiri::XML(AppEngine::URLFetch.fetch(@feed_url).body)          doc.css('item').each do |item|            title = item.at_css('title').content            link = item.at_css('link').content            description = item.at_css('description').content            guid = item.at_css('guid').content            results[Digest::SHA1.hexdigest(guid)] = {:title => title,:description => description, :link => link}          end          filter_results(results)        end         # create email message        def create_message(results)          template = ""          results.each do |info|            template += <<-DOC               Title: #{info[:title]}              Description: #{info[:description]}              Link: #{info[:link]}              --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------            DOC          end          template        end          def send_email(message)    AppEngine::Mail::send(@sender_email,@receiver_email,"New updates for the site",message) if message.length > 0        endend  get '/' do  "Hello World!"end  get '/notify' do,settings.receiver_email,settings.feed_url).actend


(You can set the period here, I’m using 15 minutes intervals)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><cronentries>  <cron>    <url>/notify</url>    <description>fetch new data</description>    <schedule>every 15 minutes</schedule>  </cron></cronentries>

Now, create an application-id at Then go to Administration >> Permissions and make sure the sender/receiver emails play some role in the app. Personally, I granted them the developer role.

Now, go back to the source and modify the application-id in WEB-INF/app.yaml

application your-app-id

We should be ready now, start development server, watch the console and make sure no exceptions are there:

dev_appserver.rb .

If everything is OK, go to http://localhost:8080/notfiy and you should see “Done”.

Let’s go live now:

(the first time you execute this, you will prompted to submit the GAE email/pass combination)

appcfg.rb update .

It should now be running at, and in few minutes you should be receiving the first email. If not, go to app engine page then to Main >> Logs and check what’s the problem.

I like this stack cause it’s Zero cent cost, Zero deployment time, flexible, and it gives me exactly the freedom I want in terms of needed gems. Give it a shot, you won’t regret it!


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